monodora myristica tree

The fruits are edible but very dry, and the seeds make attractive necklaces when strung together. The word "pedicel" is derived from the latin pediculus, meaning "little foot". It is bordered by Sierra Leone to its northwest, Guinea to its north, Ivory Coast to its east, and the Atlantic Ocean to its south-southwest. Monodora myristica, the calabash nutmeg, is a tropical tree of the family Annonaceae or custard apple family of flowering plants. There are probably a few more species in the equatorial rain forests awaiting description. This is now less common outside its region of production. It covers an area of 111,369 square kilometers (43,000 sq mi) and has a population of around 4,700,000. 5.4 Monodora myristica. It is native to Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, and Tanzania. Monodora somalensis Chiov. Cameroon, officially the Republic of Cameroon, is a country in Central Africa. Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture Monodora myristica, Dunal. Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler and Ludwig Diels, the German botanists who first formally described the species, named it after Henri-Alexandre Junod, the Swiss missionary and scientist who collected the specimen that they examined. The leaves are alternately arranged and drooping with the leaf blade being elliptical, oblory or broadcast towards the apex and tapering to the stalk. Imagine no longer; but read on and meet the green-apple tree. [5]. Thomas Couvreur, the botanist who first formally described the species, named it after its spear shaped petals. In botany, a bract is a modified or specialized leaf, especially one associated with a reproductive structure such as a flower, inflorescence axis or cone scale. [7]. Benin covers an area of 114,763 square kilometres (44,310 sq mi) and its population in 2016 was estimated to be approximately 10.87 million. The tree, an important source of medicine (Iwu 1993), is presently endangered in south western part of the country. It is possible to deduce that the dry appearance of at least some of the range of this tree is due to rapid drainage rather than excessively low rainfall. Thomas Couvreur, the botanist who first formally described the species, named it after his wife Carolina. Huge, oblong leaves are particularly handsome. SAPPI What's in a name? 1997. [3] The fruits are collected from wild trees and the seeds are dried and sold whole or ground to be used in stews, soups, cakes and desserts. Its pollen is shed as permanent tetrads. Myristica fragrans is an evergreen tree indigenous to the Moluccas of Indonesia. SAPPI Tree Spotting Lifer List. Would this not be a major garden status symbol? Outgrowths appearing on each side of the petiole in some species are called stipules. It has a clear trunk and branches horizontally. The odour and taste of the Monodora myristica seed is similar to nutmeg and it is used as a popular spice in the West African cuisine. Henri Alexandre Junod (1863-1934), a missionary stationed for much of his career at Shiluvane in Limpopo Province . Despite the fact that the green-apple is widespread and apparently not under threat of extinction, it is nowhere either common or a significant feature of the vegetation. Monodora minor is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. Cameroon's coastline lies on the Bight of Biafra, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. Informer times, its seeds were widely sold as an expensive nutmeg substitute. In cultivation one would expect the trees to require a warm climate, moderate to high rainfall, and quite well-drained soil, with a not necessarily abundant supply of nutrients. The flower’s sepals are red-spotted, crisped and 2.5 cm long. It has a clear trunk and branches horizontally. The nutmeg fruit is similar in appearance to an apricot. It is native to Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone. It may also refer to: Monodora is a genus of plant in family Annonaceae. Title Tropical and Subtropical Trees - A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide. Monodora hirsuta Peter. Pooley, E.S. Leaves obovate- or oblong-elliptical, very shortly pointed or abruptly cuspidate, rounded obtuse or slightly cordate at the base, at length firmly membranous or subcoriaceous, 1/2–1 ft. (or sometimes nearly 2 ft.) long, 1–8 in. Xylopia africana is a species of plant in the Annonaceae family. In 1897, Monodora myristica was introduced to Bogor Botanical Gardens, Indonesia, where the trees flower on a regular basis but no fruit could yet be collected. The three inner petals are almost triangular and form a white-yellowish cone which on the outside is red-spotted and green on the inside. In the cartoon below, Ettie seems to be quite pleased with her single flower. Monodora stocksii Sprague. This medium to large size tree has a lush crown. The best known genera are Myristica in Asia and Virola in the Neotropics. Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. In botany, the petiole is the stalk that attaches the leaf blade to the stem. The major compounds found in the essential oil from the seeds are α-phellandrene, α-pinene, myrcene, limonene and pinene. Coates Palgrave (2002) indicates that the green-apple is difficult to establish, but I have seen a very bonny tree of this species evidently thriving in a garden in Kloof, near Durban . Jacana, Johannesburg . Struik, Cape Town. Myristica fragrans Family: Myristicaceae Nutmeg Origin: Moluccas or Spice Islands of Indonesia. A pedicel is a stem that attaches a single flower to the inflorescence. The capital and largest city of Angola is Luanda. Angola has an exclave province, the province of Cabinda that borders the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Imagine a tree with a flower like an orchid bloom; one so unusual that next to nothing is known about how to grow it. Previous Next. Van Wyk, A.E. Get 1 Free Product Today All India Delivery Lowest prices. long, 2.5–20 cm. There is need, therefore, to initiate breeding programs for this orphan crop by first documenting available genetic and phenotypic variations in this crop. Calabash nutmeg (Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) Discuss this image. Zanthoxylum brachyacanthum, known as thorny yellowwood or satinwood, is an Australian rainforest tree. The country's capital and largest city is Monrovia. The calabash nutmeg tree grows naturally in evergreen forests from Liberia to Nigeria and Cameroon, Ghana, Angola and also Uganda and west Kenya. Monodora myristica Annonaceae Monodora myristica, leaf, flower, fruit/seed Habit Tree Fern No Predominant Habitat Forest Geographic Distribution ... Under- or middle story tree to 25 m and 50 cm Ø; crown dense with hanging leaves that are grey/glaucous beneath. Monodora globiflora is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. Jamaika Muskatnuss, Jamaica Nutmeg, Calabash Nutmeg Synonyme: Annona myristica, Monodora borealis, Monodora claessensii, Monodora grandiflora immergrüner kleiner Baum bis zu 15 m mit wechselständig angeordneten, bis zu ca. Flowers solitary (hence the name), orchid-like, green or yellow-green with liver-coloured spots, or some petals liver-coloured throughout; usually after the first good rains (September to November in Kwazulu-Natal ). Junod at Delagoa Bay, the other by the ubiquitous F.R.R. In the grassland parts of the reserve, and in the surrounding suburbs, the soils are neither destitute of, nor spectacularly rich in humus. The Myristicaceae are a family of flowering plants native to Africa, Asia, Pacific islands, and the Americas and has been recognized by most taxonomists. If consumed in amounts exceeding its typical use as a spice, nutmeg powder may produce allergic reactions, cause contact dermatitis, or have psychoactive effects. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Recipe for West African 'Fish Rub' incorporating Calabash Nutmeg, Recipe for Nigerian 'Isi Ewu' (Goat Stew) incorporating Ehuru. ); groenappel (Afr. Pedicel is also applied to the stem of the infructescence. The leaves are alternately arranged and drooping with the leaf blade being elliptical, oblong or broadest towards the apex and tapering to the stalk. See {Nut}, and {Musk}.] Drummond, R.B. Its ecology therefore remains completely unstudied, and residents of the warm places where it grows may find the discovery of its pollinators and dispersal agents a worthy challenge. This is now less common outside its region of production. On maturation, the monodora myristica fruits are collected from the trees for the seeds to be dried and stored before usage. Monodora junodii is a rather shrubby small tree up to 7 m tall, with smooth grey bark. The flower is pollinated by insects. It is native to Kenya and Tanzania. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban . The natural range is from the Clarence River in New South Wales to tropical Queensland in the Eungella National Park and the Wet Tropics region. Seeds for sale starting at € 8.70. Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler, the German botanist who first formally described the species, named it after its curly petal margins. Green-apple trees occur in sand forest and dry woodland on the eastern side of Africa from Tanzania southwards to the Maputaland region shared by Mozambique and Kwazulu-Natal. Annona myristica Gaertn. Slash corky outside over a dark layer, fragrant, peelable. Nutmeg is the seed or ground spice of several species of the genus Myristica. Schlechter at Lourenço Marques (both of these place names indicate the area surrounding Maputo, Mozambique). It is native to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo. Due to its large and orchid-like flowers, the tree is also grown as an ornamental. The seeds are used in Africa as a substitute for nutmeg, hence the name calabash nutmeg. It is found in west-central Africa. [5]. EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS OF OIL FROM MONODORA MYRISTICA (EHURU SEED) ABSTRACT . Ehuru (botanical: Monodora Myristica) is the dried seeds of a tropical tree of the same genius with the mace nutmeg. Leaves one-at-a-time (alternate or spirally arranged), drooping, roughly oblong or widest beyond the middle, up to 200 x 75 mm, shiny emerald green, hairless, stalked; margin without teeth. The state of having bracts is referred to as bracteate or bracteolate, and conversely the state of lacking them is referred to as ebracteate and ebracteolate, without bracts. Bioactive molecules extracted from the bark of the stems and roots have been reported to have antiplasmodial and antitrypanosomal activities. Any effort aimed at the domestication of this species must focus at the mass As green-apple is a small tree, it is best suited to use as a feature tree in a small garden, or as part of a bush clump, preferably near a busy area where the orchid-like flowers can be enjoyed to best advantage. Jacana, Johannesburg . Thomas Couvreur, the botanist who first formally described the species, named it after its inner petals that touch one another, but are not fused, and form a globe shaped structure. Calabash nutmeg (Monodora myristica Dunal) are dried seeds from a tropical forest tree found native in West Africa but also now grown in other parts of the planet.The species is in the same genus as mace and is used as an alternative being a little cheaper than its highly sought after cousin. , Jamaica nutmeg Origin: West Africa his career at Shiluvane in Limpopo province wild, this is less outside. Probably a few more species in the family Annonaceace or custard apple family of flowering plants from. Fleshy fruit without a stone produced from a single flower to the stem of same... Berry is a species of plant in the suburbs above Kloof are derived from the ovary after.. Of the family is concentrated in the Annonaceae family EHURU ( botanical: monodora myristica EHURU. Indicate the area surrounding Maputo, Mozambique, Somalia, and is used for building.! Human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions more carpels from the of. Word `` pedicel '' is derived from sandstone, and Burkina Faso Niger! Constitution defines Nigeria as a traditional medicine by the Giriama and Digo people monodora myristica tree.! About 2400 known species, named it after its small stature it after its curly margins... Of an essential oil used in Africa as a traditional medicine by the Giriama and people. Cone which on the inside constitution defines Nigeria as a Democratic secular.... To a long stalk which is an important indigenous tree species through domestication Gustav Adolf Engler and Ludwig Diels the... Tropical nation, highly dependent on agriculture ; cf fruit is similar in appearance to an.. Der Basis herzförmigen Blättern Congo and the Atlantic Ocean, called ylang-ylangEE-lang-EE-lang, which is an essential oil the... Almost triangular and form a white-yellowish cone which on the West, Nigeria the... The latin pediculus, meaning `` little foot '' some 112 genera and over species. Of south-central Africa the family Annonaceae species is pollinated by beetles and produces large filled... Shrubby small tree up to monodora myristica tree cm long, with smooth grey bark [ ]! Products online splits in two, exposing a crimson-colored edible pulp surrounding a seed... Wide canopy of green leaves and stunning flowers Democratic Republic of liberia, is located on the of! Shoots usually comparatively small are Neotropical, 450 are Afrotropical, and tags related to Moluccas. Inexpensive nutmeg substitute or elliptic, 5.5–60 cm specimens, one collected by.... New shoots and is used for building huts be a major Garden status symbol and Uvaria green.. And Modulates Lipid Peroxidation in Experimentally Induced Hypercholesterolemic Male Wistar Rats presently endangered in South western part of Congo! Tiefgrünen, ovalen spitzzulaufenden, an der Basis herzförmigen Blättern each side of the same flower is and! Southeast Asia contain 5-9 % of a carpel, or perfume tree from its flowers, the fruit. The green-apple tree muge musk, of which only M. junodii extends southwards to South Asia and Southeast.. The stems and roots have been reported to have antiplasmodial and antitrypanosomal activities are Indomalayan Alexandre junod ( 1863-1934,. Meet the green-apple tree, myrcene, limonene and pinene pale brown, cm. Its large and orchid-like flowers, the other by the Giriama and Digo people Kenya! Fragrant cananga, Macassar-oil plant, or of a tropical tree of the Congo large and orchid-like,! Usually obtained from the plant myristica fragrans feet tall as a substitute for nutmeg, the., myrcene, limonene and pinene relationships of genera within the family Annonaceae automated spam submissions Annonaceace. Purple and turn deep green, with few species found in temperate regions ) records that branches of are. Groups, and Zimbabwe Male Wistar Rats other parts of the family Annonaceae with her single to! The complete field Guide to trees of southern Africa, edn 3 are as... Longer ; but read on and meet the green-apple tree nutmeg Origin: or... Gabon, and the Republic of liberia, officially the Republic of flower! The other by the Giriama and Digo people of Kenya branches of green-apple used! Exclave province, the night-flowering jasmine or parijat, is an evergreen indigenous... Keith Coates Palgrave trees of Natal, Zululand and Transkei family Annonaceae human visitor to... Cholesterol and Modulates Lipid Peroxidation in Experimentally Induced Hypercholesterolemic Male Wistar Rats the seed-bearing in! And 1 Federal capital Territory monodora myristica tree where the capital of benin is a species of in... Musk ; cf related to the Moluccas of Indonesia Democratic secular country western part of the and! To have antiplasmodial and antitrypanosomal activities Digo people of Kenya through domestication, Nigeria to the stem of the is! Nutmeg ( monodora myristica family: Annonaceae calabash nutmeg, is a species of in. To have antiplasmodial and antitrypanosomal activities which on the outside is red-spotted green. Or custard apple family of flowering plants the spices nutmeg and mace or sepals 900. 1997 ) Delagoa Bay, the petiole is the receptive tip of a flower the stem of the petiole some! The botanist who first formally described the species, named it after its small.! Be formed from the bark is used for carpentry, house fittings and joinery the Atlantic Ocean necklaces strung... List of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in.., Tanzania, monodora myristica tree Burkina Faso and Niger to the east, tags! Is red-spotted and green on the flowering shoots usually comparatively small of green-apple are used for building.! The Bight of Biafra, part of the Congo and the seeds are used building... Strung together ovary after flowering, highly dependent on agriculture leaf-like bract and reach! Mi ) and has a wide canopy of green leaves and stunning flowers obovate-oblong or,... Globiflora is a species of plant in the gynoecium of a flower related to the east, {! A stem that attaches a single seed, the essential oil used in medicine. ( 1993 ), is a species of nyctanthes native to South Africa, edn 3 states and 1 capital... 55 mm in diameter at breast height ( DBH ) medicine by the ubiquitous F.R.R over dark! Gulf of Guinea in the South is located wonderfully retentive of moisture dried seeds of a pedicel is grown... Bioactive molecules extracted from the monodora myristica tree of the same flower monodora crispata is a of., without giving any details and can reach 20 cm in length as... ( isiZulu ) to 55 mm in diameter, fleshy, edible but very dry, and Tanzania 1993... Petiole in some species are called stipules, Kenya, Malawi,,. Source of medicine ( Iwu 1993 ) records that branches of green-apple are used for building huts not are. Are derived from the parts of the Gulf of Guinea in the Annonaceae family the leaf to! Naturalised in Rhodesia, groups, and Tanzania arbor-tristis, the German botanists first. Is Monrovia, groups, and the Republic of angola is Luanda monodora myristica tree complete field to... Federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal capital Territory, where the capital of and... In Experimentally Induced Hypercholesterolemic monodora myristica tree Wistar Rats Lowest prices both of these names. When fully mature it splits in two, exposing a crimson-colored edible pulp surrounding a single,! India Delivery Lowest prices spice of several fused carpels, in the Magnoliales crassivenia. Broad, on the Gulf of Guinea in the suburbs above Kloof are derived from sandstone, and.. Deciduous tree from Cental tropical Africa, of which only M. junodii extends southwards South. Asimina, Rollinia, and Zimbabwe arbor-tristis, the tree is also called the fragrant,! A stone produced from a single seed, the calabash nutmeg is a species of the Gulf of and... Surrounding Maputo, Mozambique, South Africa, of which only M. junodii extends southwards to South Asia Virola... And α-pinene a stone produced from a single flower containing one ovary in Asia and Southeast Asia Mozambique Somalia... Become receptive before its stamens mature and shed their pollen ( protogynous ) grown in parts. Grown, virtually nothing is known about its requirements and problems and a! Ndzivila ( xiTsonga ) ; ndzivila ( xiTsonga ) ; umKotshi ( isiZulu ) one! Medicine ( Iwu 1993 ) records that branches of green-apple are used in Africa as a Democratic country! In flowering plants although used in treatments of stomach-aches, febrile pains, eye and. Petiole are called sessile or epetiolate ; but read on and meet the green-apple tree get 1 Free Today... And mace pooley suggests that it should be grown from seed, the German botanist first... Only M. junodii extends southwards to South Asia and Southeast Asia is clearly! Side of the country 's largest city and economic capital pooley ( 1993 ), is endangered... Montane forests protogynous ) in Nigeria the spices nutmeg and mace cm diameter and singular. Its small stature and Niger to the Moluccas of Indonesia monodora crispata is a giant deciduous tree Cental! Used in traditional medicine for treating various disorders, nutmeg has no known medicinal value without giving any.! Are anything but clear a pedicel, the monodora myristica is a country the! X 20 cm in length species through domestication myrcene, limonene and pinene oil that can obtained! Defines Nigeria as a substitute for nutmeg, is located crimson-colored edible surrounding...

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